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what is redundancy in research

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Redundancy seems to be widespread in genomes of higher organisms. Choose the form based on tradition, recommendations from an adviser or faculty committee, or whether past research indicates a Many efforts to approach a problem will fail, but this doesn’t mean that they are without value, or that they’re a redundancy that should be eliminated from research. Various modifications of the procedure have recently been developed, The compound exhibited competition with the ligand for binding, Antibody was added to each individual sample for labelin, The compound competed with the ligand for binding. These issues can affect the impact of your own published work. Vs Pui Cheng Teck & Others (Award 243 of 1990) the . Don’t say the same thing twice, e.g. Many writers are guilty of violating this rule at times, especially in their daily conversations. So how can you ensure your paper is well-structured? Sending the paper that included the research to an appropriate journal, I received a comment from a reviewer that 2x3 ANCOVAs to test the interactions actually make the one-way ANCOVAs redundant. If this is part of the literature, and no one else ever tries to repeat this approach, then we’ve lost a potentially major health breakthrough. We should similarly recognize the value of redundancy elsewhere in the system. Redundancy Reduces Conciseness. These redundancy mechanims provide redundancy by providing multiple alternative paths to the destinations and ensure single point of failure avoidance. Purpose: To study the strength of the evidence on efficacy, safety and acceptability of cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEI) and memantine for Alzheimer's disease (AD); and to determine the number of redundant post-authorisation trials. data saturation—sees saturation as a matter of identifying redundancy in the data, with no necessary reference to the theory linked to these data; saturation appears to be distinct from formal data analysis. Redundancy can be one of the most distressing events an employee can experience and should be a last resort. What are Redundant Assets? Getting Indexed in International Citation Databases. Besides, redundant words or phrases do not contribute to the meaning rather removing them improves readability. Redundancy legislation and case law is complex . In addition, there are many techniques that are used to harden a system. Explaining many points in one, long sentence can be confusing and hard work for the reader. New Style Jobseeker’s Allowance (New Style JSA) New Style Employment and Support Allowance (New Style ESA). A common goal in efforts to reform scholarly communications is the elimination of inefficiencies from the process. VRRP is an election protocol that dynamically assigns responsibility . Can a company lay you off without redundancy? This is one of the reasons why offers to share reviews of rejected papers between journals are often rejected. Sample size is an important consideration in qualitative research. For example in RAID level 5, parity and data is written to 3 or more drives, and if any of these drives fail the other drives will use the parity information to restore data from the failed drive. Sentences can be kept short, dynamic, and interesting by using the active voice. Suppose you create a database to store sales records, and in the records for each sale, you enter the customer address. At the same time, it espouses an anti-elite, populous view of science, where all research, given that it is deemed ‘sound’ is worthy of publication. Yes, I agree that it is important to publish negative results (with each journal holding the studies to the same standards of rigor and significance as they do positive results). While I question the pragmatic feasibility of this approach, the recognition that peer review produces subjective opinions, not objective evaluations, and that those opinions depend on the individual reviewer and will vary over time, shows the value of building redundancy into the peer review process. Research on the redundancy of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) process of steel industry located in industrial estate in accordance with relevant laws is to study possible process approaches for the preparation of the EIA report of the steel industry located in industrial estate. What is redundancy? Using too many words to make your point will make the reader lose focus. However, good readability goes beyond technically correct English. In simple terms, they are assets that are owned by the company that do not contribute to the . Data redundancy explained. Employers providing enhanced redundancy terms should take care to avoid discrimination. Expect it at 9AM US East Coast time. Found inside – Page 93Report Title : Training of Maintenance Workers workers ; and ( 3 ) measures to absorb hardship to redundant workers . The term " redundancy ” refers to a ... Redundant phrases do not contribute to the meaning, and removing them improves readability. So, if some part of the structure is damaged or removed, the structure will not necessarily fail or collapse, as another part can bear the load of the damaged or missing piece. SSP established The Scholarly Kitchen blog in February 2008 to keep SSP members and interested parties aware of new developments in publishing. Consider the following sentences, which may appear in a research manuscript: Found inside – Page 127Bulletin of Prosthetics Research BPR 10-36 Fall 1981 VA RER & DS PROGRESS ... For one group of subjects , linguistic redundancy will be systematically ... Redundant assets are assets that generate income Operating Income Operating income is the amount of revenue left after deducting the operational direct and indirect costs from sales revenue. Found inside – Page 800Our news editors obtained a quote from the research by the authors from the University of California, “Resolving this redundancy becomes critical as the ... There are lots of euphemisms for firing people - downsizing, outsourcing, rationalisation, organisational change, company review, restructuring and redundancy. Nevertheless, regardless of the distinction between retrenchment and redundancy, all employers must be reminded that, employment to the common man is his very life and blood, which must be protected against concocted causes to legitimize an otherwise irregular termination of employment (Am-Phil Food Concepts, Inc. vs. Padilla 737 SCRA 339, October 01, 2014). Solving linear programming problems efficiently has always been a fascinating pursuit for . Try to introduce the topic, expand on it and make a conclusion within the same paragraph. With some exceptions (explained below), most journals do not accept a manuscript unless it is an original work and the work is not under consideration by any other journal. It requires sensitive handling by the employer to ensure fair treatment of redundant employees as well as the morale of the remaining workforce. The resulting report would be identical to a report on the same process where the reagents were made correctly, but the treatment itself was flawed, rather than the implementation. Redundancy pay is based on your earnings before tax (called gross pay). Eliminate unnecessary words. Implicit equalities are inequality constraints that can be replaced by equalities without changing the feasible region. use specific numbers instead of ‘many’, ‘a number of’, ‘several’, etc. There are many types of RAID, but RAID 0 (zero) and RAID 5 arrays (see Figure 9.13) are most popular because they can "stripe" information across multiple drives for maximum performance. Based on the insight provided by Patton and Sandelowski, informational redundancy and theoretical saturation are very different from one another. However, it can still be a genuine redundancy if someone moves into your job after their job disappears, making you redundant (called bumping). Found inside – Page 122Components of Redundancy Measure in the Alpert and Peterson Study (1972) VARIANCE REDUNDANCY PROPORTION 2 EXTRACTED, (R2),l-VP, or TOTAL RELATIONSHIP ... We know this because global brands themselves have researched the issue. For example, "new innovation" is a redundant phrase: "innovation" is a new thing, so you get a "new new thing." An expression "the following list below" is also a redundant phrase: "below" designates something that follows what you have already written. Starting from scratch does create extra work for journals and for reviewers, but it is necessary to offset problematic reviews, and to help papers find the right outlets and the right audiences. First Hop Redundancy Protocols (FHRPs) Redundancy is a common point for today's High Available Networks.First Hop Redundancy is one of the redundancy mechanisms that provide high available and always on networks. The study findings are described in the results section and the importance of the findings is emphasized in the discussion. Any amount over that will be taxed. Last week, Tim Vines wrote about eLife’s new peer review efforts meant to address the “review-reject cycle”, which Tim described as, “one of the big inefficiencies in the current system.” While everyone in the research community would appreciate more efficiency, it is important to recognize the value of redundancy in research and evaluation processes. The Emotional and Psychological Effects of Redundancy. Found inside – Page 117For the multivariate methods, we utilize minimum Redundancy Maximum Relevance (mRMR) [18] and Characteristic Direction from a geometrical aspect (GeoDE) ... It is usually direct to the implementation of retrenchment. For each full year you’ve worked for your employer, you get: up to age 22 – half a week’s pay. Redundancy can be one of the most distressing events an employee can experience and should be a last resort. Improve . We promise to protect your privacy and never spam you. If one has to be repeated, then shouldn’t the other, and then doesn’t that do away with any gains in efficiency? It’s reported as a lump sum in the employee’s income statement or PAYG payment summary – individual non-business. Disk Redundancy Research RAID (Redundant Array of Independent Disks) uses two or more drives in combination to create a fault-tolerant system that protects against physical hard drive failure and increases hard drive performance (Microsoft, 2011). Found inside – Page 246N. Schwartz: You have commented on some redundancies in the mammal between FSH and LH with respect to certain functions. There is good evidence now that FSH ... Learn more. Redundancy means loss of employment, occupation, job or career by involuntary means through no fault of an employee, involving termination of employment at the initiative of the employer, where the services of an employee are superfluous and the practices commonly known as abolition of office, job, or occupation and loss of employment. Found inside – Page 17Since the proportion of human capital allocated to research is an increasing ... due to reallocating research resources, eliminating redundancy in research ... Examples of redundant phrases. Scientific text is easier to read if the information is presented in a precise and concise way. Found insideWhile a certain level of redundancy in collected information is necessary for research purposes , excessive redundancy in collected materials may exist for ... Overview 1: First, there's what we can think of as technical redundancy. The research showed that 21 percent of project managers with no direct power over team members used redundant communication, compared to 12 percent of managers with direct authority. When you are made redundant, your employer should issue you with form P45. The Experience of Good Metadata: Linking Metadata to Research Impacts https://scholarlykitchen.sspnet.org/2021/09/30/the-experience-of-good-metadata-linking-metadata-to-research-impacts/ via @scholarlykitchn. Blues and Burnout: How to keep happy and energised this exam season, How to see who someone recently followed on Instagram. It will discuss the importance of using a carefully designed selection process and how the employer's conduct is vital in a company going through a redundancy. What does RAID stand for? Any non-cash benefits that form part of your redundancy package, such as a company car or computer, will be given a cash value and added to your redundancy pay for tax purposes. To the modern scientist, this seems unfathomable. Found inside – Page 160Redundant Modifiers Redundant modifiers—modifiers that convey the same information as the word(s) they modify—are a common source of excess redundancy in ... Answer (1 of 6): A redundant or indeterminate structure has more structure than is absolutely necessary. Here we see calls for researchers to create detailed accounts of failed and incorrect approaches, to help prevent future researchers from independently repeating those same mistakes. This can mean two different fields within a single database, or two different spots in multiple software environments or platforms. Also, avoid using ‘this’ and ‘that’, but specify what you are referring to, even when it seems obvious. This means that words and phrases need to be carefully chosen to communicate the intended argument with maximum impact. Found inside – Page 33On Redundancy . school , the outlined course requires at least one Further , attitudinal frames of reference relate to Pub Date Aug 73 semester of academic ... We prove some theorems concerning the identification of both kinds of constraints. Found insideSocial Research for Social Change Davydd J. Greenwood, Morten Levin ... In a system with redundancy of functions, a worker is able to handle more than one ... Found insideBeing made redundant could turn out to be a big break for you. ... The Redundancy Transformations Study in 2009 revealed that over half of people who ... redundancy of codes Collapse codes into themes Many Pages of Text Many Segments of Text 30-40 codes Codes reduced to 20 Office of Qualitative & Mixed Methods Research, University of Nebraska, Lincoln 35 How do we divide the text into segments? The tax-free amount is not part of the employee’s ETP. Begin typing your search term above and press enter to search. Good manuscript structure helps to keep the reader engaged. Most manuscripts consist of an abstract, introduction, methods, results, and discussion. David received his PhD in Genetics from Columbia University and did developmental neuroscience research at Caltech before moving from the bench to publishing. The first £30,000 of any redundancy pay is tax-free. Redundant research is the source of millions of wasted dollars. Experience the wide-ranging power of technology with faster & convenient next-gen tools that enhance your writing and publication chances. - anything that could be omitted without loss of significance or meaning. The tax deducted could be too much or too little and it’s up to you to notify HMRC. A monoculture makes for an unhealthy ecosystem, so the idea of passing the entire research literature through a single, centralized authority for evaluation (which journals would then use to make their accept/reject decisions) would not serve the community well. A good way to test whether or not something is redundant is to see if the phrase in question could have something removed from it. Normally your job must have disappeared for your employer to make you redundant. I’m just pointing out both types of publications are equally open for challenge. In Radio & General Trading Sdn. Your manuscript will flow better if there is a logical transition from one paragraph to the next. This advice applies to England Print. Found inside – Page 470( 4a ) Mizukami , K. , " Optimum redundancy for maximum system reliability by the method of convex and integer programming " , Operations Research ... The M code is a near-optimal code not only in the sense of average redundancy, but also in terms of the redundancy for almost all monotone sources. Every great researcher comes across informational redundancy and theoretical saturation at some point! Redundancy is a feature of the system, not a bug. Yes, we do waste a lot of time and energy on researchers who submit their manuscripts to inappropriate journals and then repeat the process down the ladder until they find the right fit.

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